We highly recommend that every pet be neutered or spayed, not only to prevent overpopulation, but to keep your pet healthy. When animals remain intact, it can cause a lot of medical complications that could be life-threatening. Read below to learn what diseases each surgery prevents and what is involved for your pet.
Neutering is performed on male animals and involves removing the testicles. Neutering is recommended to be performed anywhere from 4 months old to 1 year old, depending on the breed of your pet. Neutering can help prevent a lot of problems that we tend to see in intact males. Some of these issues include roaming, humping, marking/spraying, testicular cancer, and prostate cancer.
Neutering is a fairly safe procedure and can even be considered a "minor surgery," as it does not involve truly going inside the body cavity. It only requires a small incision that can be closed with glue or disolvable suture, depending on the size of the pet. Neutering is a one-day procedure and requires decreased activity for ~2 weeks to allow the incision to heal.
Spaying is performed on female animals and involves removing the ovaries and uterus. Spaying with animals is not the same as with humans, because in animals, all of the reproductive organs are removed. Spaying is recommended to be performed anywhere from 4 months old to 1 year old, depending on the breed of your pet. Spaying can help prevent a lot of problems that we see in intact females. Some of these issues include roaming, humping, pyometra (infection in the uterus), mammary cancer, cervical cancer, and ovarian cancer.
Spaying is a fairly safe procedure, although it is considered a major surgery because it involves going inside the body cavity. Spaying is a 1-2 day procedure, depending on the recovery of the pet. Most spays go-home the same day, but owners have the choice to keep them here overnight if they would like. Spaying requires decreased activity for at least 2 weeks to allow the incision to heal.